Essay About Mesopotamia

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Widely known as “The Cradle of Civilization”, the mysterious and equally intriguing area in the middle east known as Mesopotamia has provided modern civilization with more than we may know. From material inventions like the wheel or the tank, to moresubstantial influences such as Hammurabi’s Law Code, Mesopotamian civilization is responsible for many ‘firsts’ in human pre-history. In this essay I will focus on two of themost important influential aspects of Mesopotamian culture one being the development of the State, and secondly the invention of written language.
     The name Mesopotamia, which in Greek means “between the rivers,” refers to a region of land in the Middle East surrounding the Tigris and…show more content…

the “social landscape”(2) was being drastically changed. Due to advancements in irrigation, Ubaid communities were spreading along the Euphrates, linked by advanced social and economic networks (2) Raw materials that could not be found in southern Mesopotamia like hardwood and stone were imported using the rivers. As populations, cities and economies grew, so did “social differentials” with the separation of a “non-food-producing” group (priests, political leaders etc.) from the general population of farmers and herders who supported them.(2) As population pressures continued to increase, “land became scarce private property that was bought and sold”(2) resulting in a small portion of the population owning much of the land. This separation lead to the formation of the city-state, with the earliest being Sumer and Elam around 3500 B.C.(2) By 2800 B.C., Uruk - the capital of Sumer and the largest Mesopotamian city at the time, had a population of roughly 50,000. As communities began fighting over water and land, people moved to the cities for protection and by 2600 B.C. “Mesopotamia had a well- defined class structure, with complex stratification into nobles, commoners, and slaves.”(2) The emergence of these highly advanced forms of society resulted in yet another great Mesopotamian invention - writing.


were recognized to be supplementary towards being ethical, mental, physical, and

spiritual figures. On the other hand, Mesopotamia’s major religion had gods and

goddesses that dealt more with natural phenomenon and the human body; that werethanked and blamed for natural occurrences and disasters that happened inMesopotamia: though when you look at the meanings of the Egyptian andMesopotamian gods and goddesses, they had the same meaning to them as the other society.

Government and society is different for every country, this also applies toMesopotamia and Egypt.

In Mesopotamia, because it was a land of multiple kingdomsand empires, there were many styles of political views, and these different politicalviews caused the want of control and to conquer their neighboring kingdoms. In Egypt,they had the upper Egypt and lower Egypt, but they were joined together during the timeof pharaoh Menes, they had pharaohs, the kings and rulers of the land that were said tobe gods sent to Earth in human form to rule and govern the people of the world.Though Egypt and Mesopotamia had something mutual about their socialunderstanding, they both had a patriarchal society; in which the males were dominantover the women and controlled their households.

The education and languages of Egypt and Mesopotamia is similar in more waysthan they are different 

. For one, both Egypt and Mesopotamia established formalschools in their civilizations to educate the people. The main difference between Egyptand Mesopotamia is their forms of writing and their languages. Mesopotamia haddeveloped the first known writing system called cunieform writing, then a later civilization of Mesopotamia had formed a twenty-two symbolled alphabet produced by


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