Precept Assignment Notebook

Craniofacial Differences

Treacher-Collins Syndrome

In Wonder, Auggie refers to his condition as Mandibulofacial Dysostosis, which is also known as Treacher Collins syndrome (TCS). This is an inherited developmental disorder with a prevalence estimated to range between 1 in 40,000 to 1 in 70,000 of live births. TCS is a condition in which the cheek-bones and jawbones are underdeveloped. Children with this condition have very small or partially absent cheek bones and notches in or stretching of the lower eyelids. The ears are frequently abnormal and part of the outer ear is usually absent. Hearing loss is also associated with this syndrome. In Wonder, Auggie's condition is further complicated by another unnamed syndrome that makes his particular set of craniofacial differences unique.

There are many children born every year with different types of craniofacial differences. There are also other things that happen that can cause facial differences in people as they get older, including accidents, fires, or diseases. There are various WONDERful organizations that have been created that provide support to these children and their families. Below is a listing of just a few, and a description of the valuable, valiant and wondrous work that they do.

My Face: National Foundation for Facial Reconstruction

myFace, formerly the National Foundation for Facial Reconstruction, was founded to address the all-too-visible plight of those with facial deformity by assuring them access to the comprehensive and highly personalized team care at the Institute of Reconstructive Plastic Surgery (IRPS) at NYU Langone Medical Center. The IRPS provides integrative, highly specialized and personalized team care to all those who request treatment, regardless of the type or severity of the anomaly, the length of treatment, or the family’s ability to afford care.

myface.org
myfacewonderproject.org



CCA Kids: Children's Craniofacial Association

A national, 501(c)3 nonprofit organization, headquartered in Dallas, Texas, the CCA's mission is to empower and give hope to individuals and families affected by facial differences. Nationally and internationally, CCA addresses the medical, financial, psychosocial, emotional, and educational concerns relating to craniofacial conditions. CCA was founded in 1989 to address unmet needs of families across the United States who were affected by craniofacial differences. Children's Craniofacial Association's National Spokesperson, entertainer Cher, became involved with the organization after having starred in the Movie Mask in which she played the mother of a child with a craniofacial condition. Since that time, Cher has supported the organization with her time and talent and has been CCA's most generous contributor.

ccakids.com
CCA Kids Choose Kind Challenge


Changing Faces

Changing Faces supports and represents people who have conditions or injuries which affect their appearance. They're a charity based in the UK for people and families who are living with conditions, marks or scars that affect their appearance. Their work is divided into two areas: to help  individuals lead full, confident and satisfying lives by giving practical and emotional support to adults, children and their families. They also provide training, support and advice to professionals in health and education.

Their second goal is to transform public attitudes towards people with an unusual appearance, to 'face equality' and  promote  fair treatment and equal opportunities for all, irrespective of how they look. They campaign for social change: lobbying for integrated health services; influencing schools and workplaces to create more inclusive environments; and pushing for anti-discrimination protection and enforcement.

changingfaces.org


Beyond Differences

Beyond Differences is dedicated to ending social isolation among students in middle school. They believe that all teens should feel included, valued and accepted by their peers. Beyond Differences was founded in memory of Lili Rachel Smith, a high school freshman who passed away in her sleep from medical complications in 2009. During the last few years of Lili’s life, particularly in middle school, she experienced the insidious effects of social isolation: lack of self esteem, loss of social skills needed to keep up with her peers, even academic decline and mounting frustration by her teachers and counselors. Beyond Differences believes that middle school and high school students can and will find ways to connect with one another in a deeper, more meaningful way.

beyonddifferences.org


Jaz Gray

Filmmaker Jaz Gray speaks at Rhodes College in Memphis, TN about the comparisons between her life as a rare birth defect survivor and life of fictional character August Pullman in the book Wonder by R.J. Palacio.

1 CORINTHIANS RESOURCES
Commentaries, Sermons, Illustrations, Devotionals
See Disclaimer


1 CORINTHIANS - PROBLEMS OF A LOCAL CHURCH
Click chart to enlarge
Charts from Jensen's Survey of the NT - used by permission
Another Overview Chart - First Corinthians - Charles Swindoll
Another Overview Chart


INTRODUCTORY THOUGHTS
1 CORINTHIANS

FROM CHART: Note 2 major divisions:

  • FIRST DIVISION - Chapters 1-6 = Problems of Congregation - Divisions & Depravities,
  • SECOND DIVISION - Chapters 7-16 = Personal Problems, Worship Problems

 KEY WORDS IN 1 CORINTHIANS - see also "Key Word Bookmark" (laprecept.com)

  • Love (17x/14v) - 1 Co. 2:9; 4:21; 8:1, 3; 13:1-4, 8, 13; 14:1; 16:14, 22, 24 (Most in the 2nd Division)
  • Spirit (56x/42v) - 22 refer to the Holy Spirit - 1 Co. 2:4, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15,  3:1, 16; 4:21; 5:3, 4, 5; 6:11, 17, 19; 7:34, 40; 9:11; 10:3,4; 12:1, 3, 4, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 13; 14:1,2, 12, 14, 15, 16, 32, 37; 15:44, 45, 46; 16:18
  • Body (46x/34v) - 1 Co. 5:3; 6:13, 16, 18, 19, 20; 7:4, 34; 9:27; 10:16, 17; 11:24, 27, 29; 12:12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 22, 23, 24, 27; 13:3; 15:35, 37, 38, 42, 44 (Most in the 2nd Division)
  • Idol (16x/12v) - 1 Co. 5:10, 11; 6:9; 8:1, 4, 7, 10; 10:7, 14, 19, 28; 12:2 (Most in the 2nd Division)
  • Temple (6x/5v) - 1 Co. 3:16, 17; 6:19; 8:10; 9:13
  • Immorality (10x/8v) - 1 Co. 5:1, 9, 10, 11; 6:13, 18 (twice); 1 Cor 7:2; 10:8
  • Wisdom (18x/15v) - 1 Co. 1:19, 20, 21, 22, 24, 30; 2:1, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 13; 3:19; 12:8 (Most in 1st Division)
  • Wise (11x/10v) - 1 Co. 1:19, 20, 26, 27; 3:10, 18, 19, 20; 6:5; 10:15  (Most in 1st Division)
  • Fools, Foolishness, Foolish (11x/11v) - 1 Co. 1:18, 20, 21, 23, 25, 27; 2:14; 3:18, 19; 4:10; 15:36
  • Power (11x/11v) - 1 Co. 1:18, 24; 2:4, 5; 4:19, 20; 5:4; 6:14; 15:24, 43, 56
  • Gift (13x/13v) - 1 Co. 1:7; 7:7; 12:1, 4, 9, 28, 30, 31; 13:2, 8; 14:1, 12; 16:3 (Most in 2nd Division)
  • Resurrection (4x/4v) - 1 Co 15:12, 13, 21, 42 (All in 2nd Division)
  • Cross (2x/2v) - 1 Cor 1:17, 18
  • Call, calling, called (17x/14v) - 1 Co. 1:1, 2, 9, 24, 26; 7:15, 17, 18, 20, 21, 22, 24; 14:24; 15:9
  • Boast (9x/8v) - 1 Co. 1:29, 31; 3:21; 4:7; 5:6; 9:15, 16; 15:31 (Note: Boast occurs in another 20 verses in Second Corinthians!)
  • Arrogant (6x/6v) - 1 Co. 4:6, 18, 19; 5:2; 8:1; 13:4

KEY VERSES - 1 Corinthians 1:10 (divisions), 1 Corinthians 7:1 (personal and corporate problems), 1 Corinthians 15:57

PURPOSE: Paul’s purposes for writing the Corinthians were several. His first purpose was to deal with several moral problems and the divisions that had formed as people had divided into fan-clubs and were proclaiming themselves followers of Paul, Apollos, Peter or Christ (1 Cor 1:10). His second reason was to deal with several questions that had been asked in a letter the Corinthians had sent to him (1 Cor 7:1). A third purpose that appears throughout the book is Paul’s defense of his apostolic authority. (Paul Apple's Commentary - 445 pages - recommended)

CONTEXT - Paul began his ministry in Corinth on his second missionary journey under much opposition (Acts 18:6-17), but he was able to convert several influential people and consequently remained for about one and a half years in Corinth. See Paul's Relationship with the Church at Corinth

OUTLINE OF 1 CORINTHIANS (modified from Charles Swindoll's Overview Chart)

I. Rebuke for Sinful Conditions (1 Cor 1:10-6:2)

A. Divisions in the Church (1 Cor 1:10-4:21)
B. Disorders in the Church (1 Cor 5:1-6:20)

II. Reply to Specific Questions re "Difficulties" (1 Cor 7:1-16:9) 

A. Domestic Difficulty - marriage and divorce (1 Cor 7:1-40)
B. Social Difficulty - liberty and license (1 Cor 8:1-11:1)
C. Ecclesiastical Difficulty - women and worship (1 Cor 11:2-34)
D. Practical Difficulty - gifts and body (1 Cor 12:1-14:40)
E. Doctrinal Difficulty - death and resurrection (1 Cor 15:1-58)
F. Financial Difficulty - gifts and body (1 Cor 16:1-9)

OUTLINE OF 1 CORINTHIANS (John MacArthur's excellent introduction to 1 Corinthians)

I.  Introduction: The Calling and Benefits of Sainthood (1 Corinthians 1:1–9)
II.  Disunity in the Church (1 Corinthians 1:10–4:21)

A.  The Need for Unity (1 Corinthians 1:10–3:23)
B.  The Need for Servanthood (1 Corinthians 4:1–21)

III.  Immorality in the Church (1 Corinthians 5:1–6:20)
IV.  Marriage in the Church (1 Corinthians 7:1–40)
V.  Liberty in the Church (1 Corinthians 8:1–11:1)
VI.  Worship in the Church (1 Corinthians 11:2–14:40)

A.  Roles of Men and Women in the Church (1 Corinthians 11:2–16)
B.  The Lord’s Supper (1 Corinthians 11:17–34)
C.  Spiritual Gifts (1 Corinthians 12:1–14:40)

VII.  The Hope of the Church: Resurrection (1 Corinthians 15:1–58)
VIII.  A Charge to the Church (1 Corinthians 16:1–24)

A.  Stewardship (1 Corinthians 16:1–4)
B.  Personal Plans and Greetings (1 Corinthians 16:5–24)

Middletown Bible has an excellent "practical" outline of problems in the church at Corinth:

The book of 1 Corinthians reveals many of the problems that the Corinthian church faced. In fact, there is a problem in almost every chapter of the book. Paul wrote to the believers living in this city to give them God’s answers to these many problems:

  1. The Problem of Divisions in the Church (1 Cor. 1:10-13)
  2. The Problem of Worldly Wisdom (1 Cor. 1:17-2:16)
  3. The Problem of Carnality (1 Cor. 3:1-4)
  4. The Problem of Immorality in the Church (1 Cor. 5:1-13)
  5. The Problem of Bringing a Fellow Believer to Court (1 Cor. 6:1-8)
  6. The Problem of Fornication (1 Cor. 6:15-20)
  7. The Problem of Marriage and Divorce (1 Cor. 7:1-40)
  8. The Problem of Meats Offered to Idols (1 Cor. 8:1-13)
  9. The Problem of the Role Men and Women Should Have in Christ's Church (1 Cor. 11:1-17)
  10. The Problem of Abusing the Lord’s Supper (1 Cor. 11:20-34)
  11. The Problem of Spiritual Gifts (1 Cor. 12:1-31)
  12. The Problem of a Lack of Love (1 Cor. 13:1-13)
  13. The Problem of Speaking in Tongues (1 Cor. 14:1-40)
  14. The Problem of Wrong Teaching About the Resurrection of the Dead (1 Cor. 15:1-58)
  15. The Problem of Collecting for the Saints (1 Cor. 16:1-3)

CITY OF CORINTH - Corinth was the capital of Achaia and located 40 miles west of Athens on the narrow isthmus connecting Peloponnese (on the south) with northern mainland of Greece (all uses of "Corinth" - Acts 18:1; 19:1; 1 Cor. 1:2; 2 Cor. 1:1, 23; 2 Tim. 4:20). Corinth was located between the Aegean and Adriatic Seas (see map below) and was a port city about five miles in circumference just south of the sharply rising 2000 foot Acrocorinth (see picture and see map "G") from which Athens could be seen on a clear day.  The Temple of Aphrodite (Roman = Venus) was located on the Acrocorinth and housed the 1000 "priestesses" employed as hierodouloi (from hieros = consecrated to deity +  doulos = bondservants) who served as temple prostitutes to facilitate idolatrous "worship" (cf "sacred prostitution"). As an aside it is notable that Scripture often associates sexual immorality (porneia) with idolatry (eidololatreia) (cf 1 Cor 5:11, 6:9, Eph 5:5-note, Rev 2:20-note, Rev 21:8-note). And remember that Paul also associated idolatry with covetousness writing that "greed...amounts to idolatry." (Col 3:5-note, Eph 5:5-note) Worship at the temple involved sexual encounters with these "priestesses" and this attracted "worshipers" from all across the Roman world. It is even recorded that the sandals of these notorious priestesses of Aphrodite were studded with an imprint that spelled our "Follow me" in the dust of the street (What a contrast with Jesus' call to "Follow Me" - Mt 4:19)! One cannot help but think of similar seductive pictures found on the internet even on seemingly innocent sites such as news pages! Clearly this illicit "worship" was a great temptation to the Christians at Corinth (just as is the internet to Christian's today!) as evidenced by Paul's exhortations and warnings in this first letter (1 Cor 5:1, 9,10, 11, 1 Cor 6:9-11, 12-17, 18, 19, 20). The immoral condition of Corinth is vividly seen in the fact that the Greek term (coined by Aristophanes) Korinthiazomai (lit., to act the Corinthian) came to mean "to practice fornication." Aleiphro wrote "I did not enter Corinth after all, for I learned in a short time the sordidness of the rich there and the misery of the poor." 

"Ships wanting to avoid the dangerous trip around the southern tip of Greece were dragged across that isthmus. The city boasted an outdoor theater that accommodated 20,000 people (See reconstruction of Corinth circa A D 100), athletic games second only to the Olympics, a Greek, Roman, and Oriental population....There were taverns on the south side of the marketplace, and many drinking vessels have been dug up from those liquor lockers. Corinth was noted for everything sinful." (Charles Ryrie) Every shop in the city had a deep, spring-fed well in which to cool containers of wine. Strabo wrote that "All the people of Corinth gorge themselves." It was even customary in stage plays for actors to come on stage drunk.

In the picture below note the agora which was the city's marketplace and the Bema which was the judgment seat. Corinth had an extensive commerce, like all the large towns on the Mediterranean Sea, and became celebrated for its wealth, magnificence, and learning. Corinth's pottery, brass and marble for building columns were famous throughout the world. The city is now desolate with just a little village near the ancient Corinth. There is, however, a modern city of Corinth, a few miles away, with about twenty thousand inhabitants. Archaeologists have also discovered a broken lintel (part of a door) bearing the Greek description "synagogue of Hebrews."

Paul preached at Corinth about A.D. 53 for eighteen months (Acts 18:11). He paid Corinth a short second visit during the period A.D. 54–57, not mentioned specifically in Acts but implied in 1 Cor. 16:7; 2 Cor. 12:14; 13:1, where he speaks of an intended third journey to Corinth which coincides with that in Acts 20:2. He spent three winter months in Corinth (A.D. 57 and 58), during which he wrote the Epistle to the Romans (Acts 20:2, 3 [cf. 1 Cor. 16:6]; Rom. 16:1).


Click to Enlarge
From Cryptotheology

Kay Arthur adds that "Sin abounded in the cosmopolitan city of Corinth...The Corinthians were intrigued by Greek philosophy and captivated by the disciplined training and athletic events (see events) held at the Isthmus (see Isthmian Games). At one time the city was home to at least 12 pagan temples. The people desperately needed to hear the Good News of Jesus Christ, the One crucified for sinners. The worship ceremonies carried out by a thousand temple prostitutes connected with the temple of Aphrodite (the goddess of love) bred blatant immorality throughout Corinth....Prostitutes openly plied their "wares," and meat markets thrived on sales from the sacrifices offered in the temples. The Corinthians ate well, satisfied their sexual urges without condemnation, flirted with the wisdom of men, and did all they could to keep their bodies as beautiful as those of the Greek gods. They loved to listen to great orators. For the 250,000 citizens (not slaves) there were almost two slaves per person (Ed: Therefore the total population was about 700,000). What more did Corinth need? Freedom! Freedom from sin and death. God met that need by blocking Paul at every hand on his second missionary journey (cf Acts 16:6, 7, 8) until he received the Macedonian call "Come and help us." (Acts 16:9) After establishing the Corinthian church, Paul eventually went to Ephesus, where he stayed for three years. From there he wrote his first epistle to the Corinthian believers, who so desperately needed help and correction. It was sometime between A.D. 52 and A. D. 56." (Discover the Bible for Yourself) 

In summary, Corinth was a city with a prevalent pagan influence and a plethora of perversions (1 Cor 6:9,10) but despite these apparent obstacles to the Gospel, the Spirit enabled Paul to plant a church in the center of vice and idolatry on his Second Missionary journey (1 Cor 3:6, 10; 4:15; Acts 18:1–7). 


Click to enlarge
Middletown Bible

Dictionary Articles on Corinth:

Boyer: If Paul were to write a letter to the evangelical, Bible-believing churches of late twentieth century America, I believe it would be much like I Corinthians. Their world was like our world: the same thirst for intellectualism, the same permissiveness toward moral standards, the same fascination for the spectacular. And their church was like our churches: proud, affluent, materialistic, fiercely eager for intellectual and social acceptance by the world, doctrinally orthodox but morally and practically conforming to the world.

Morris: Paul’s purpose, then, in writing this Epistle, is principally to set right disorders which the Corinthians took lightly, but which he regarded as grave sins. Secondly, he wrote to answer some questions put to him. Thirdly, he wrote to give some doctrinal teaching, particularly on the resurrection.

Hodge: Paul’s relation to the church in Corinth was in some respects peculiar. He was not only the founder of the congregation, but he continued in the closest relation to it. It excited his solicitude, called for the wisest management, tried his patience and forbearance, rewarded him at times by signal evidence of affection and obedience, and filled him with hopes of its extended and healthful influence. His love for that church was therefore of special intensity. It was analogous to that of a father for a promising son beset with temptations, whose character combined great excellencies with great defects. The epistles to the Corinthians, therefore, reveal to us more of the personal character of the apostle than any of his other letters. They show him to us as a man, as a pastor, as a counsellor, as in conflict not only with heretics, but with personal enemies. They reveal his wisdom, his zeal, his forbearance, his liberality of principle and practice in all matters of indifference, his strictness in all matters of right and wrong, his humility, and perhaps above all, his unwearied activity and wonderful endurance.

COMPARISON OF
1ST AND 2ND CORINTHIANS
1 CORINTHIANS2 CORINTHIANS
Objective
and practical
Subjective
and Personal
Insight into the Character
of an Early Church
Insight into the Character
and Ministry of Paul
Deliberate
Instruction
Impassioned
Testimony
Warns Against 
Pagan Influences
Warns Against
Judaistic Influences
From Irving Jensen

1 CORINTHIANS COMMENTARY
SELECTED VERSES
Bruce Hurt, M.D.

1 Corinthians 2

1 Corinthians 6

1 Corinthians 9

1 Corinthians 10

1 Corinthians 11

1 Corinthians 13

1 Corinthians 15

PRECEPT MINISTRIES
Inductive Bible Study

See also Louisiana Precept Leader and Student Helps

Leader Helps

Lectures on 1 Corinthians - Part 1 (Kay Arthur)

Lectures on 1 Corinthians - Part 2 (Kay Arthur)

HENRY ALFORD
The New Testament for English Readers
1 Corinthians Commentary

Read his fascinating brief biography - Henry Alford (1810-1871) and Phil Johnson's related comments

James Rosscup writes that Alford's series on the New Testament "contains much that is valuable in the Greek New Testament… though all of the Greek New Testament words have been changed to English throughout." (Commentaries for Biblical Expositors: An Annotated Bibliography of Selected Works)

Charles Haddon Spurgeon (see his comments in following entry on Alford).

Editorial Note: If you are not proficient in Greek, you will find this work considerably more useful than the following work by Alford, because in this volume he translates the Greek and Latin into English. While the "The Greek New Testament" is longer (e.g., English version of 1John = 66 pages compared to Greek version = 94 pages in part because the latter includes comments of more technical nature), the substance of the commentary is otherwise similar to that found in the "NT for English Readers".


HENRY ALFORD
The Greek New Testament
1 Corinthians Commentary

James Rosscup writes that "This was the great work in the life of the versatile Dean of Canterbury. An outcome of this production was the New Testament for English Readers (4 vols.). Alford was a Calvinist, conservative and premillennial, though not dispensational. He takes a literal interpretation of the thousand years in Rev. 20 and has a famous quote there, is strong on sovereign election as in Ro 8:29, 30 and 1Pe 1:2, but, unfortunately, holds to baptismal regeneration in such texts as Titus 3:5 and John 3:5. He shows a great knowledge of the Greek text and faces problems of both a doctrinal and textual nature." (Commentaries for Biblical Expositors: An Annotated Bibliography of Selected Works or Logos)

John Piper writes ""When I’m stumped with a… grammatical or syntactical or logical [question] in Paul, I go to Henry Alford. Henry Alford… comes closer more consistently than any other human commentator to asking my kinds of questions."

Charles Haddon Spurgeon writes that this text "is an invaluable aid to the critical study of the text of the New Testament. You will find in it the ripened results of a matured scholarship, the harvesting of a judgment, generally highly impartial, always worthy of respect, which has gleaned from the most important fields of Biblical research, both modern and ancient, at home and abroad. You will not look here for any spirituality of thought or tenderness of feeling; you will find the learned Dean does not forget to do full justice to his own views, and is quite able to express himself vigorously against his opponents; but for what it professes to be, it is an exceedingly able and successful work. The later issues are by far the most desirable, as the author has considerably revised the work in the fourth edition. What I have said of his Greek Testament applies equally to Alford’s New Testament for English Readers,* which is also a standard work." (Spurgeon, C. H. Lectures to my Students, Vol. 4: Commenting and Commentaries; Lectures Addressed to the students of the Pastors' College, Metropolitan Tabernacle)


JACK ARNOLD
1 CORINTHIANS
SERMONS

Over 450 pages of conservative, evangelical sermon material.

WILLIAM BARCLAY
Daily Study Bible
1 Corinthians Commentary

D Edmond Hiebert - Uses author's own translation. Especially valuable for the historical background material presented. Good word studies and various illustrations. (from Hiebert's critique of Barclay on Peter's epistles - "Barclay holds that Christ's descent into Hades gave those who there heard Him a second chance.")

Comment: I appreciate Barclay's unique insights on Greek words, but clearly his teaching about a "second chance" is NOT sound doctrine! Be an Acts 17:11 Berean with Barclay. See discussion of his orthodoxy especially the article "The Enigmatic William Barclay".


ALBERT BARNES
Notes on the New Testament
Commentary on 1 Corinthians

James Rosscup writes that Barnes "includes 16 volumes on the Old Testament, 11 on the New Testament. The New Testament part of this old work was first published in 1832–1851. Various authors contributed. It is evangelical and amillennial… Often the explanations of verses are very worthwhile." (Commentaries for Biblical Expositors: An Annotated Bibliography of Selected Works or Logos)

C H Spurgeon "Albert Barnes is a learned and able divine, but his productions are unequal in value, the gospels are of comparatively little worth, but his other comments are extremely useful for Sunday-school teachers and persons with a narrow range of reading, endowed with enough good sense to discriminate between good and evil… Placed by the side of the great masters, Barnes is a lesser light, but taking his work for what it is and professes to be, no minister can afford to be without it, and this is no small praise for works which were only intended for Sunday-school teachers." (Lectures to my Students, Vol. 4: Commenting and Commentaries; Lectures Addressed to the students of the Pastors' College, Metropolitan Tabernacle)


BRIAN BELL
1 Corinthians
Sermon Notes

JOHANN A BENGEL
Commentary Notes on 1 Corinthians
The "Gnomon of the New Testament" (1877)

Note: If not proficient in Greek, see related Critical English Testament below.

James Rosscup writes "This work (Gnomon), originally issued in 1742, has considerable comment on the Greek, flavoring the effort with judicious details about the spiritual life. It has much that helps, but has been surpassed by many other commentaries since its day." (Commentaries for Biblical Expositors: An Annotated Bibliography of Selected Works)


JOHANN BENGEL
The Critical English Testament
Commentary on 1 Corinthians

Represents Combination of Bengel's Gnomon (above) and Comments by more modern expositors (in brackets) to make this more usable for those who do not read Greek.

Charles Haddon Spurgeon -- "'A Critical New Testament, so compiled as to enable a reader, unacquainted with Greek, to ascertain the exact English force and meaning of the language of the New Testament, and to appreciate the latest results of modern criticism.' Such is the professed aim of this commentary, and the compilers have very fairly carried out their intentions. The whole of Bengel’s Gnomon is bodily transferred into the work, and as one hundred and twenty years have elapsed since the first issue of that book, it may be supposed that much has since been added to the wealth of Scripture exposition; the substance of this has been incorporated in brackets, so as to bring it down to the present advanced state of knowledge. We strongly advise the purchase of this book, as it is multum in parvo, and will well repay an attentive perusal. Tischendorf and Alford have contributed largely, with other German and English critics, to make this one of the most lucid and concise commentaries on the text and teachings of the New Testament" (Lectures to my Students, Vol. 4: Commenting and Commentaries; Lectures Addressed to the students of the Pastors' College, Metropolitan Tabernacle)


JOSEPH BEET
1 Corinthians
Commentary

D Edmond Hiebert - A clear and full interpretation by a British Methodist scholar of the past century. Its doctrinal summaries are intended as a contribution to systematic theology.


BIBLICAL ILLUSTRATOR
1 Corinthians
Joseph Exell, Editor

BIBLE.ORG RESOURCES
1 Corinthians
Resources that Reference this Book

WILLIAM BURKITT
1 Corinthians
Commentary

BRIDGEWAY BIBLE COMMENTARY
1 Corinthians
Commentary

PAUL T BUTLER
Studies in 1 Corinthians
Commentary

  • 1 Corinthians Commentary - scroll through bookcase for 1 Corinthians - some good material but Church of Christ perspective so be an Acts 17:10 Berean.

JOHN CALVIN
1 Corinthians
Commentary

CAMBRIDGE GREEK TESTAMENT
1 Corinthians
Commentary

Parry, R. S. J. The First Epistle of Paul to the Corinthians.

ALAN CARR
1 Corinthians
Sermon Notes

ADAM CLARKE
1 Corinthians
Commentary

Click for brief critique of Clarke

THOMAS CONSTABLE
1 Corinthians
Expository Notes

W A CRISWELL
1 Corinthians
Sermons

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